Philosophy

Update: this series is no longer actively updated, since I find that Eliezer Yudkowsky's Sequences are basically a near-perfect introduction to philosophy (although way too long -- I recommend just reading the titles and guessing what the content of each article must be). Also note that I sorta disavow the one article I've already posted to this series -- it overemphasizes analogy-building between physics and ethics and underemphasizes actually asking interesting questions and making sense of them.

(Formerly known as Tridymeus)
  1. Philosophy of mind aka how computation/an algorithm feels from the inside -- free will, qualia, emotion (pitfall prevention: eMpAThY iS A wAY OF kNOwINg), processing, I/O ... on the limitation of human language.
  2. Three domains of knowledge
  3. More on physics (Solmonoff's theory of inductive inference)
    1. Probabilistic analogs of logical stuff (e.g. circular-confirmation)
    2. Make your precise prediction -- proportional to $x$, $\dot x$ or $\ddot x$?
    3. But what about quarks? Perhaps also give example of causal graphs thingading, evolution thingading -- just because a specific metaphysical/mental model isn't testable doesn't mean it's bad or unscientific 
  4. More on ethics
    1. Making prescriptions with utilitarianism
    2. Some critiques: Kant, negative rights, positive rights, Rawls, Rand, utilitarianism, anarchy
    1. Logical arguments
      1. Structure of an argument -- rational, positive, normative and negative statements, definitions
      2. What are opinions, emotion and rhetoric?
      3. What's your point? Logical fallacy
    2. Summary of philosophy -- interpretation of probability (connection between physics and ethics, logic of science, convergent Bayesian distribution), buridan's ass, calculation paradox, Wang Yangming
    3. Meaningless questions it's fun to think about 
    4. The misuse of "falsifiability": a socratic dialogue
    See also my articles on Blog on academia and the sociology of science.

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